The country where I am living has a well-developed employment system that provides a set of national standards of employment for all employees, occupational health and safety regulations, and superannuation payments, etc designed to be flexible and certain work environment to both employers and their employees. However, according to report of Indonesia’s National Labor Force Survey, informal employment was estimated at the minimum to be at 29.1% of total employment in Indonesia. Informal employment is also highly concentrated is also highly concentrated in rural areas and is prevalent in agriculture and construction sectors. Moreover, women are likely to be informally employed than men, and women generally receive lower pay and are mostly unpaid family workers (Informal Employment in Indonesia, 2009).
Particularly, from tobacco industry in Indonesia, their behaviour brings economic hardship to its own workers, carried out breaking the law of the country and exploits vulnerable people. Females in all areas of Indonesia’s industrial sector are subject to appalling working conditions with extremely detrimental health effects for minimal payment. Most of them work as traditional hand-rolled workers and should produce “at least 325 cigarettes an hour — one every ten second
s on average”. Moreover, not only intensive workforce but also their work environment considers poor and includes exposure to chemicals and particulate matter that could have negative effects on reproductive and respiratory health. Also, around 2.5 million Indonesian children are working when they should be in school and more half of them are employed in the tobacco industry.
The tobacco industry in Indonesia effects on loss to their economically, socially with disease and deaths, and keeping local people poor. They are misleading information and negative influence must be considered regulating in industry strictly to protect the public.
Barber, S. 2008, Tobacco economics in Indonesia, Tobacco Free Kids, pp. 46-55, viewed on 16th Feb 2017, http://global.tobaccofreekids.org/files/pdfs/en/Indonesia_tobacco_taxes_report_en.pdf
BPS Statistics Indonesia. 2011, The informal sector and informal employment in Indonesia, Asian Development Bank and BPS-Statistic Indonesia, viewed on 16th Feb 2017, https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/28438/informal-sector-indonesia.pdf
SEATCA, n.d., Tobacco industry expanding in Indonesia, SEATCA, viewed on 16th Feb 2017, http://seatca.org/dmdocuments/TOBACCO%20INDUSTRY%20EXPANDING%20IN%20INDONESIA_Nov%2021%20Nov%202014_rev2_Layout.pdf