Post D: Indonesia Specific Food

img_2530

Indonesia food is one of a kind. Indonesia cuisine is mainly inspired by India Hindu food, which you can see different sauce’s in curry. At the same time, they also had their own developed food, which is based on their environment and agriculture. Such as Nasi Goreng (friend rice), Pisang Goreng (Fried banana cakes) and Teh Halia (ginger tea).

The Nasi Goreng is everywhere in Yogyakarta, and very famous there as well. Indonesia is one of the biggest countries of producing rice. And rice is the country’s staple food (Food By Country).Indonesia has multi-cooking ways to the rice.And they will place the rice into a bowl shape, put different types of meats, sources and vegetables around it. Some restaurants will lay big banana or bamboo leaves underneath.

screen-shot-2017-02-17-at-3-14-08-pm

The local people are used to eat by hand. They use thumb to mix the source with rice. That’s why the rice in Indonesia is a bit hard and can separate easily. (Anderson, S. 1995) However, in the restaurant, they will offer a spoon and folk, but no knife.

Another interesting aspect of the food in Indonesia is the side dishes called a savoury snack, which are deep fried crackers made from starch and other ingredients that serve as flavouring. For Indonesians, whether you are rich or poor, they have a habit to eat the savoury cracker, which comes in different shapes even different colors.“Such as light red, orange, yellow, baby blue, light green and white” in round, square or free style shapes (Wiroreno, W. 2016). Kerupuk is a big one, which can also enjoyed on its own or as a snack. The local people would like to eat with different source such as chill because the kerupuk has no taste (Wiroreno, W. 2016).

screen-shot-2017-02-18-at-4-08-23-pm

 

For the drinks, Teh Halia (hot ginger tea with Ambon) is a representative Indonesia drinks. The country’s soil and climate support sugar cane as the largest agricultural and commercial crop (Food By Country). Therefore, the drinks there are very sweet and full of sugar. Interestingly, you can see lot of ants on the table because of the sugar.

 

Indonesia ‘s food culture is various because it has influenced by different foreigner cultures. There are still more to explore about the food and eat habits.

 

Reference:

 

  • Anderson, Susan. Indonesian Flavors. Berkeley, CA: Frog, Ltd., 1995.

 

 

Images:  Photographed by Yilin Yao

 

Advertisements

Post C: Indonesian NGO(Non-Governmental Organizations) is Penetrating Its Local Areas That Government Cannot Reach

It is a very precious opportunity that I can interview a local graduate student, who is programing a project called draw your dream in a very poor village.

His name is Bhima Saputera Effenddie, but he prefers to be called Bimbim, who is a very friendly and active boy. And he had studied nursing in a university in Indonesia 1 year ago.

After graduation, he had a vast and hazy about what he could do as well as what he wanted to do in the future. One of his friends invited him to join a program, which was helping kids in poor areas to find their dreams. They ride motorbike for 2 hours to the village, in the middle of a jungle called Datar Batung in South Bornoe that is his hometown.

screen-shot-2017-02-17-at-4-46-18-pmThe kids there don’t know what television is and also have no idea about how cars look like. However, they are very innocent and also very strong. Bimbim explained to us that they were such independent kids that they wash their own clothes, cook for themselves and play without parents’ company. I was mostly surprised by Bimbim’s words that once the kids ran as fast as their motorbikes and asked for kelereng (marble). Because Kelereng is the only toy that they have and can offer. What’s more, you may not believe it common that children there dropped off school for working or for marriage in young ages, particularly, 12-year-old girls may have marries and give birth. Therefore, the kids don’t know what dream they can dream about, since the whole jungle just blocks their mind.

img_4573

Bimbim was teaching kids about dental health, photographed by Bhima Saputera Effenddie

That’s why my friend Bimbim was trying to bring other people’s dream to this village. In one side, children can get ideas about what dreams can be. In another side, they can learn English words and get to know outside world. At meanwhile, Bimbim was studying nursing, so he also helped the local people to improve their health knowledge. During this project, he felt he found the meaning about what life is. His motto is that life is not about living, is about giving, which encourages him to continue this hard but meaningful “job”. After he was back to city, Bimbim and his friends collected around 20,000,000 Indonesia rupee for this village. And he used this money to make uniforms for the students.

 

I think what Bimbim and his friends did reflect to the reality. People there complain about their government even fight against it, but there are still lots of people never gotten government’s attention. Anyway, Indonesian NGO (Non-Governmental Organizations) is penetrating the area that government can not reach and some of the areas are taken care of by them. I believe in the future there will be more people willing to give a hand to those areas.

img_4571
The kids were wearing uniforms in the village, photographed by Bhima Saputera Effenddie

Reference:

Photos: Effenddie, Instagram.

 

Post B: Design Takes Apart in Public Health

Design can be very generous, but it can also be specific. At the same time, design is a visual language, which conveys a concept or a thought. The power of design in public health is in its significant performance.

screen-shot-2017-02-17-at-2-38-44-pm

In the past, smoking is not seemed as a bad habit. But after the awareness of health increased, more and more people realized the harm of this bad habit. Therefore, more and more people or organizations stood out to help people reduce this harm even to quit smoking. But without designs, this project cannot be promoted obviously and fast. For example, advertisements, logos and tools that can help to quit this negative habit. Here is an example, the graphic warning labels on cigarette package tell people the negative of smoking. Anyway, We will all be asked if this will work or not.

 

But based on the data that I had researched, people are holding different opinions. The survey from the Ohio State University points different thoughts. Some people think, the image didn’t threaten the smokers (Grabmeier, J, 2015). Because some people themselves can just buy another stylish cigarette cases or they can put a sticker on the warning images (Grabmeier, J, 2015), so as to find their methods to ignore the warnings. But most of the interviewees think that the images can definitely stir their emotions, help them think about quitting this habit among smokers, and prevent others from ever starting it (Grabmeier, J, 2015).

screen-shot-2017-02-17-at-2-39-38-pm
Indonesia adding graphic warnings to smokes

The survey from International Tobacco Control (ITC) of four countries, Canada, Australia, America and UK, shows that the warning photos on cigarette packages do effect on smokers and make them think about the risk of smoking.

 

However, the answers are far from clear, since William Shadel who is an associate director of Population Health Program pointed that “there’s little evidence for the effect of graphic warning labels on smoking initiation or cessation. There are estimates of the potential impact but almost no direct evidence for an actual effect on smoking.” (Deborah M. and Shadel, W. 2014 )

That’s true. But smokers at least are aware of the harm of smoking through the directly design of warning graphic images.

 

Another controversial design that helped quit smoking is Electronic cigarette. The idea came up by Joseph Robinson in 1930. But the first commercially successful electronic cigarette was created in Beijing, China by Hon Lik, a 52-year-old pharmacist, inventor and smoker. (CASAA, n.d) His father is a heavy smoker and died of lung cancer. That was what encouraged him to create the E-cigarette. And this design got approved by government, because at that time they thought E-cigarette was no harmful than normal cigarette. However, During 2008 to 2015, some scientist found E-c would course more health problems. So lots of countries banned to sale it. Nowadays, this design is considered to be 2 types, one including nicotine and one without nicotine. The revolution of e-cigarette is kept on and this design may be refined in the future as a helper for quitting smoking.

 

Above all, the designs that use for public health normally have to go through a process to be improved more perfectly by different judgments.

 

 

Reference:

 

 

 

Images:

 

Post A: Each Place Has Its Stream In From All Over The Country

In China they have a proverb, says “each place has its stream in from all over the country”, and design also includes. Design for me is advanced, but successful designs always absorb from the site environment and develop in its own way at the same time. Such as a very well-known café brand – Starbucks.

With more than 18 stunning in-house designable stores around the world, designers driven by Starbucks commitment to the local environmental friendly and also pushing themselves to bring bold and innovative design to customers (Go Chengdu, 2015). For examples, the one at UBPA, shanghai, China, is honored one of the best practical store, which designed by Chinese Original Design Studio.

_c_aguf2sryocihtgjp7yfl3trisarttbsknxyuqaltiqyytrlxndkimnfntwhuodlygoc63ccut4cgbikvehdta4zpsdcs2nca
Bird eye’s view of the Starbucks

 

The perfect combination of glass and concrete is one of the most standout part (Gooood, 2014). The design concept that they wanted to state is a western culture and eastern culture’s communication. The outside surface used simple glass boxes to deal with the aesthetic fatigue. “The continuous external oblique glass ribs processed the extremely rich shadows around into slices, looking for unification among complication.” While, the very modern surface is against a Chinese style courtyard, which was rounded by a few walls with white pebbles texture. This design adopted the contemporary materials and style but also kept Chinese courtyard culture in the aesthetic concept.

There is no doubt that this store becomes a landmark in Puxi area in shanghai.

_c_wfn3yf8rez8yvnsifpq5ifh8r4vkrfmss3efu_bbajc_khvn0bje38jl7bwpopbrpyqsc4phgrshjkvjktunavihp9fhqthy

This Starbucks store in shanghai absorbed from both foreigner culture and local culture.

Fortunately, this trip to Indonesia, we also had involved in a local anti-smoking program. During this process, we also learned how important is to adjust our design to suit the local condition.

The first time we chose Tarp as our shelter material, but at the end we chose bamboo, which we inspired by local restaurants and housings as our final material. The weather in Yogyakarta is very rainy; therefore the tarp will catch rains and become heavy (Waterson, R. 1990). On the contrary, the bamboo is cheap and dry very quickly, so it’s suit the local hot and humid condition.

screen-shot-2017-02-17-at-2-32-51-pm

All in all, materials that we chose during this process are also limited by the local condition. But at the same time, the inspiration that came from to our design also sourced from the local environment and sharped by the local context.

 

 

 

Reference:

 

 

 

  • Waterson, Roxana. The Living House: An Anthropology of Architecture in South-East Asia , 1990.

Images: